George Christian Oeder- Prior
to Oeder’s appointment, by Royal decree, as professor of botany
in 1752 to the University, botany was considered part of the
department of medicine. Objection to his appointment was met
by the establishment of Royal Botanical Institution.
year Oeder proposed the publication of the project to delineate
all the native flowers and plants in Denmark as a way to popularize
botany and record all the useful and detrimental properties
of those plants.
Previous texts in the form of herbals had
listed the medicinal properties of numerous plants but there
had been no large scale national recording of flora. The massive
undertaking became known as the Flora
Danica and as such, became
the world’s first National flora.
The first part was published
in 1761 at a subsidised price of 6 rix and the final part,
113 years later in 1874. Oeder was the first of thirteen different
editors that oversaw the production of 51 parts and three supplements
in 17 Volumes, comprising some 3,240 hand-coloured folio copper
engraved images. An uncoloured edition was also distributed
free throughout the kingdom to encourage further research.
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